It is common to hear pregnant women complain of problems related to teeth and oral health including bleeding gums.
In fact, nearly 60 - 75% of pregnant women have gingivitis, an early stage of periodontal disease (Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, USA). Reports suggest that pregnant women are 7 times at higher risk. In gingivitis, the gums become red and swollen. Changing hormones during pregnancy are responsible for the condition but it gets worse as a result of poor dental hygiene practices that lead to plaque and debris. If untreated, the bone that supports teeth gets brittle and gums get infected. Though we do not know for certain the reasons for adverse pregnancy outcomes, periodontitis is associated with preterm birth and low birth weight.
Another complaint often heard is that of a small rounded tumour like growth in the gums between teeth. Commonly called pregnancy tumour, it can bleed when brushing teeth or eating. A pregnancy tumour usually disappears after the baby is born.If it persists after child birth you must visit a dentist.
Morning sickness especially when severe can erode the enamel in your teeth. That happens because of exposure of teeth to gastric juices and acids as a result of reflux. Increased exposure to acidity is a cause for tooth decay too.
To keep your teeth and gums healthy -
1. Brush your teeth twice day with a floured toothpaste.
2. If you have morning sickness, don't brush straight away after throwing up. Wait for an hour or so and then brush your teeth.
3. Daily salt rinse your mouth - 1 tsp of salt added to a cup of water. Swirl the wash a few times in your mouth and then spit it out. Avoid mouthwashes that contain alcohol.
4. Floss once a day.
X-rays including dental x-rays should be avoided in pregnancy. If unavoidable, an LED apron with coat and neck collar must be worn to prevent radiation exposure to the abdominal region and thyroid glands. However, it is safe to get dental treatment during the second trimester of pregnancy.
Always consult your doctor when in doubt.
10 June 2020
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